Anzac Day Dawn Service at Kings Park, Western Australia.
Anzac day is observed on 25th April in Australia and it is a public holiday in the nation. The day is one of the most important dates and national occasions in Australia. It marks the first major military action fought by the forces of Australia and New Zealand in the first world war. The term Anzac stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The day is celebrated and remembered for the bravery of all the Australians and New Zealanders who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations. It is an important public holiday and national day for remembrance in Australia.
HistoryAustralia had become a federal nation on 1st January 1901 when the British Parliament passed the legislation allowing the six Australian colonies to govern in their own rights within the Commonwealth of Australia. The First World War broke out in 1914 and the Australian government wanted to establish its reputation and superiority over other nations. War was declared by Britain in 1915 and Australia being a part of the Commonwealth, automatically became a party to the war. The Australian and New Zealand armies were sent to capture the Gallipoli peninsula to assist the allied navies. The plan was to capture Istanbul (erstwhile Constantinople) which was the capital of the Ottoman empire.
The forces of both the nations reached Gallipoli on 25th April. They had to face severe resistance and hostility from the Ottoman Turkish forces. This mission became difficult and dragged on for more than 8 months. The soldiers had to face hostility and they were moved out by the allied forces by the end of the year 1915, but not before they had faced severe hardships and suffered fatal casualties by the Ottoman Turkish forces. It is estimated that more than 8000 Australian soldiers lost their lives in the mission to capture Gallipoli. The mission failed but the bravery of the soldiers from both the countries left a mark and legacy and 25th April came to be remembered and celebrated as the Anzac Day and became a public holiday in Australia.